question mark

Question Mark

Use a question mark to end a direct question, a tag question, or to terminate a question that ends with an abbreviation.

period

Period

A period is used to end most types of sentences, including declarative, imperative, and conditional sentences, as well as indirect questions.

exclamation point

Exclamation Point

Exclamation points are used to express strong emotions in exclamatory sentences, imperative sentences, and interjections.

apostrophe

Apostrophe

Apostrophes are used to show possession, plurality, and contracted word forms.

hyphen

Hyphen

A hyphen is used mainly to join two or more words to form a new, compound word. They’re also used to indicate word prefixes as well as mark line breaks.

brackets

Brackets

Brackets are used to enclose comments by the writer to explain or clarify the meaning of part of a quotation but should not change the meaning of the quote.

colon

Colon

Colons are mainly used to introduce additions, modifications, and basic examples, including summaries, series, explanations or quotations.

comma

Comma

Commas are used to separate two or more elements in a sentence.

em dash

Dash

The em dash ( — ) is twice as long as the en dash ( – ) and has a more complicated grammatical use. Hyphens ( – )are shorter in length than the em dash and en dash.

ellipses

Ellipses

An ellipsis is a series of three consecutive periods called ellipsis points. They are mainly used to indicate omitted words from a quotation.