Use a question mark to end a direct question, a tag question, or to terminate a question that ends with an abbreviation.
A period is used to end most types of sentences, including declarative, imperative, and conditional sentences, as well as indirect questions.
Exclamation points are used to express strong emotions in exclamatory sentences, imperative sentences, and interjections.
Apostrophes are used to show possession, plurality, and contracted word forms.
A hyphen is used mainly to join two or more words to form a new, compound word. They’re also used to indicate word prefixes as well as mark line breaks.
Brackets are used to enclose comments by the writer to explain or clarify the meaning of part of a quotation but should not change the meaning of the quote.
Colons are mainly used to introduce additions, modifications, and basic examples, including summaries, series, explanations or quotations.
The em dash ( — ) is twice as long as the en dash ( – ) and has a more complicated grammatical use. Hyphens ( – )are shorter in length than the em dash and en dash.